Formal Surrender of Japan, September 2, 1945 on board the battleship USS Missouri
"On the morning of September 2, 1945 on the deck of the U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay, Japanese representatives Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu and Gen. Yoshijiro Umezu signed the official Instrument of Surrender, prepared by the War Department and approved by President Truman. It set out in eight short paragraphs the complete capitulation of Japan. The opening words, "We, acting by command of and in behalf of the Emperor of Japan," signified the importance attached to the Emperor's role by the Americans who drafted the document. The time was recorded as 4 minutes past 9 o'clock. Afterward, Gen. Douglas MacArthur, Commander in the Southwest Pacific and Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, also signed. He accepted the Japanese surrender "for the United States, Republic of China, United Kingdom, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and in the interests of the other United Nations at war with Japan."